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References


Introduction
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Forgues, M., Genest, J.J., Glatt, L.D., Gloaguen, Y., Gremillet, J.P., Guilmoto, B., Coz, L.E., Saunier, A. and Soyer, C. 1988. Test under field conditions of the profitability of ivermectin administered to sows. Proc. Int. Pig Vet. Soc. 10:265. Shoop, W.L., Mrozik, H., Fisher, M.H. 1995. Structure and activity of avermectins and milbemycins in animal health. Vet. Parasitol. 59:139-156.

Superior Efficacy Against Mange Mites
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Alva-Valdez R, Wallace DH, Foster AG, Ericsson GF, Wooden JW, 1989. Efficacy of an in-feed ivermectin formulation against gastrointestinal helminths, lungworms, and sarcoptic mites in swine. Amer. J. Vet. Res., 50(8):1392-1395.

Brokken ES, Barth D, Foster AG, Pulliam JD, Wallace DH, 1983. Ivermectin: a new-broad-spectrum antiparasitic agent for swine. Proc. XXII World Vet. Cong., pp 239-258.

Cargill, C and Davies, P 1999. External Parasites. In: Diseases of Swine. Editors Straw B, Mengeling W, D'Allaire S and Taylor D. Ames, Iowa State Univ Press, pp 669-683.

Cargill C, Garcia R, Ryan W, 1999. Evaluation of the duration of efficacy of doramectin and ivermectin in the prevention of Sarcoptes scabiei var suis infestation in pigs. Proc. 30th Annual Meeting Amer. Assoc. Swine Pract., p. 243.

Cargill, CF, Pointon AM, Moore, M, Garcia R. 1996. A retrospective evaluation based on slaughter monitoring of using ivermectin to control and eradicate sarcoptic mange. Proc. Int. Pig Vet. Soc. 14:356. Courtney CH, Ingalls WL, Stitzlein SL, 1983. Ivermectin for the control of swine scabies: relative values of prefarrowing treatment of sows and weaning treatments of sows. Amer. J. Vet. Res., 44:1220 -1223.

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Rambags PGM, Vesseur PC, van der Heijden HMJ, 1998. Mange (Sarcoptes scabiei var suis) eradication programme and possibilities for certification in Dutch pig farms. Proc. Int. Pig Vet. Soc. 15:123.

Roppa L, Cruz JB, Maciel AE, Bordin EL, Garcia R, 1996. Evaluation of the efficacy of in-feed ivermectin and the impact on productivity in growing pigs. Proc. Int. Pig Vet. Soc. 14:360.

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Wallace D., Holste J., Bierschwal CJ, Cox J, Garcia R, 1996. Efficacy and safety of IVOMEC Premix in adult swine. Proc. Int. Pig Vet. Soc. 14:361.

White MEC, Ryan WG, 1987. Control of an outbreak of pig mange with ivermectin. Vet. Rec. 121:496.

Broad-Spectrum Control of Worms
Alva-Valdez R, Wallace DH, Foster AG, Ericsson GF, Wooden JW. 1989. Efficacy of an in-feed ivermectin formulation against gastrointestinal helminths, lungworms and sarcoptic mites in swine. Am. J. Vet. Res. 50:1392-1395.

Arends JJ, Garcia R, Newcomb KM. 1996. Efficacy of ivermectin infeed on Trichuris suis burdens in pigs. Proc. Int. Pig Vet. Soc. 14:358.

Barth D, Preston JM.. 1985. Efficacy of ivermectin against somatic Strongyloides ransomi larvae. Vet. Record 116:366-367.

Barth D, Rehbein S, Reid JFS, Barrick RA. 1996. The treatment of Strongyloides infections in swine with IVOMEC Premix. Proc. Int. Pig Vet. Soc. 14:359.

Baudena MA, Kabagambe E, Li Y, Pena MT, Rutledge R, Baptista G. 1997. Effect of Metastrongylus spp. infection on performance of growing pigs. Proc. Am. Assoc. Vet. Parasitol., July 19-22, 49.

Busse F-W, Aka E, Schillinger D. 1992. Evaluations of Strongyloides ransomi infection in pig herds and the effect of ivermectin treatment of the pregnant sow on piglet performance. Proc. 12th Int. Pig Vet. Soc. 12:364.

Douvres FW, Tromba FG, Malakatis GM. 1969. Morphogenesis and migration of Ascaris suum larvae developing to the fourth stage in swine. J. Parasitol. 55:689-712.

Garriz CA, Galliger MM, Touraille C, Chem, Steffan PE, Fiel CA, Ambrustolo RR, Biondani CA, Zamorano M, Bulman GM. 1987. Gastrointestinal parasitism: Its effect on muscle, fat and bone composition of the carcass and organoleptic characteristics of meat. In: Proceedings of the MSD AGVET Symposium, The Economic Impact of Parasitism in Cattle, ed. W.H.D Leaning & J. Guerrero, in association with the XXIII World Veterinary Congress, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, August 19, pp 59-68.

Genneen PL, Bresciana J, Boes J, Pedersen A, Eriksen L, Fagerholm H-P, Nansen P. 1999. The morphogenesis of Ascaris suum to the infective third-stage larvae within the egg. J. Parasitol. 85:616-622.

Gutierres-Poster V, Guerrero J, Melancon JJ, Garcia R, Newcomb KM. 1990. Effects of ivermectin on weight gain, feed conversion, and carcass quality of finishing pigs. Proc. Int. Pig Vet. Soc. 11:354.

Rehbein S, Barth D, Reid JFS. 1996. Efficacy of IVOMEC Premix against migrating larvae of Ascaris suum. Proc. Int. Pig Vet. Soc. 14:352.

Stewart TB. 1995. Unpublished. Stewart TB, Hale OM, Marti OG. 1985. Experimental infections with Hyostrongylus rubidus and the effects on performance of growing pigs. Vet. Parasitol. 17:219-227.

Stewart TB, Hale OM. 1988. Losses to internal parasites in swine production. J. Anim. Sci. 66:1548-1554.

Stewart TB, Leon DL, Fox MC, Southern LL, Bodak-Koszalka E. 1991. Performance of pigs with mixed nematode infections before and after ivermectin treatment. Vet. Parasitol. 39:253-266.

Stewart TB, Fox MC, Southern LL. 1996. Economics of deworming pigs. Proc. Int. Pig Vet. Soc. 14:351.

Urban Jr JF, Romanowski RD, Steele NC. 1989. Influence of helminth parasite exposure and strategic application of anthelmintics on the development of immunity and growth of swine. J. Anim. Sci. 67:1688-1677.

Worldwide Productivity Results
Cargill, C, Pointon, A, Davies, P and Garcia, R 1997. Using Slaughter inspections to evaluate sarcoptic mange infestation of finishing swine. Vet Parasitol. 70:191-200.

Cargill, C and Davies, P 1999. External Parasites. In: Diseases of Swine. Editors Straw B, Mengeling W, D'Allaire S and Taylor D. Ames, Iowa State Univ Press, pp 669-683.

Growing pigs, US
Arends JJ, Stanislaw CM, Gerdon D, 1990. Effects of sarcoptic mange on lactating swine and growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 68:1495-1499.

Growing pigs, US
Alva-Valdes R, Wallace DH, Foster AG, Ericsson GF, Wooden JW, 1986. The effects of sarcoptic mange on the productivity of confined pigs. Vet. Med. 31:258-262.

Growing pigs, Australia
Cargill C, 1999. A comparative study of the efficacy of ivermectin and doramectin in the treatment of sarcoptic mange in pigs. Report to Merial Ltd.

Growing pigs, Brazil
Roppa L., Bordin EL, Rotta A, Salvador N, Guerrero J, 1988. Effects of ivermectin on weight gain and feed conversion of fattening pigs. Proc. Int. Pig Vet. Soc. 10:262.

Fattening pigs, Germany
Matthes W, Ilchmann G, Rehbock F, 1998. Okonomische Aspekte des subklinischen Parasitenbefalls bei Mastschweinen. Prakt. Tierarzt 79:10, 1067 - 1071.

Fattening pigs, Sweden
Nilsson O, Bernstad S, Dalgleish R, Garcia R, 1994. Effective control of sarcoptic mange and internal parasites with IVOMEC Premix. Proc. Int. Pig Vet. Soc. 13:253.

Fattening pigs, Brazil
Roppa L, Cruz JB, Maciel AE, Bordin EL, Garcia R, 1996. Evaluation of the efficacy of in-feed ivermectin and the impact on productivity in growing pigs. Proc. Int. Pig Vet. Soc. 14:360.

Fattening pigs, Canada
Garcia R, Riek T, Ward T, 1998. Evaluation of the efficacy of ivermectin administered in the feed and the impact on productivity in growing pigs. Proc. Int. Pig Vet. Soc. 15:281.

Breeding herd, US
Arends JJ, Stanislaw CM, Gerdon D, 1990. Effects of sarcoptic mange on lactating swine and growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 68:1495-1499.

Breeding herd, France
Forgues M, Genest JJ, Glatt LD, Gloaguen Y, Gremillet JP, Guilmoto B, Coz LE, Saunier A, Soyer C, 1988. Test under field conditions of the profitability of ivermectin administered to sows. Proc. Int. Pig Vet. Soc. 10:265.

 

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